Full Professor | Al-Rafidain University College
Crime and Corruption
Middle East

The impact of administrative and financial corruption on human rights

Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

My research examines corruption in Iraq, which is a highly corrupt country in terms of human rights. High corruption levels have persisted for years, especially since the collapse of the regime in 2003


Journal article: The impact of administrative and financial corruption on human rights (2022)
Peer Reviewed


This opinion papers used a qualitative approach, combining archival research and comparative case study.

I have done research and met people in organisations that opened doors to insights. The internet and past papers have been helpful, as all these cases are now being put online. The press is also involved, and many victims talk to us about their experiences, allowing me to collect first-hand document accounts.



This research was independently conducted and did not receive funding from outside of the university.

  • For leadership
  • For Government & Policy
  • Iraq
  • citizenship
  • corrupt government
  • corruption
  • human rights
  • social contract

Key points

  • Corruption in Iraq is engrained into the fabric. This corruption has had a severe impact on institutions and human rights, causing citizens to feel irrelevant and like third-class citizens.

The spread of corruption is directly related to human rights. Citizens have started to feel that corruption is the only way out, and it is expanding. This corruption has led to human trafficking, drugs, crime, and a lack of justice.

Criminals can buy their way out of punishment, which alarms citizens who then begin to use corruption for survival. I wrote a paper to expose this dark side of corruption, focusing on its impact on human rights, which I believe is even more severe than its political consequences.


  • The collapse of Iraqi society and the spread of criminal activities signify a total breakdown in the government and society.

    This is not a government where laws apply to everyone. With no respect and no politics, the spread of militias and weapons is a prime reason for corruption. This increased power leads to human rights violations.

  • The total collapse of ethical and societal codes is evident in the daily criminal activity taking place in the daylight and numerous strange lawsuits.

    It is uncommon to find an employee who is not corrupt. The expectation of having to pay bribes to get things done has become ingrained in society. If we don't pay a bribe, it feels strange to us, and we start to worry that our paperwork won't get processed.

  • Respecting human rights should be the priority of the government and the judicial system.

    The people currently holding these positions are not experts. Even consultants in human rights don't fully understand the topic. If human rights are not prioritised, we can't move forward. We will keep diagnosing problems without taking action.

  • The judicial system, which should be our insurance, is corrupt.

    Judges are chosen by corrupt individuals in political parties, not by the parliament. Judges who are not biased towards these corrupt parties can be killed, and many have been. Courts are corrupt, and judges are scared. They sometimes have to rely on corruption for their survival.

  • I have witnessed the selection process for government positions, which should be based on meritocracy and expertise.

    However, some individuals pay experts to secure their positions, opening the door for more efficient criminal activities through forgery and nepotism.

How to use

  • The first step is for the government to prioritise human rights and bring them to the forefront
  • We need to make penalties harsher for corruption
  • In the Iraqi constitution, judges should not be chosen by parliaments but should be publicly elected by ordinary people


Thank you to KPSRL

These insights were made available thanks to the support of KPSRL, who are committed to the dissemination of knowledge for all.


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Al-Obaidi, Bushra. 'The impact of administrative and financial corruption on human rights'. Acume. https://www.acume.org/r/the-impact-of-administrative-and-financial-corruption-on-human-rights/