The research paper examines Canada’s exclusionary migrant history, specifically the similarities between two groups of non-citizens: lower-skilled temporary foreign workers and refugee claimants.
In 2014, Canada’s Economic Action Plan increased the occurrence and persistence of temporariness for both groups. Increasing temporariness systematically excludes these groups from a wide array of rights such as provincial workplace standards, family (re) unification, permanent status, and eligibility for citizenship.
The findings here are relevant to consider for the temporary labour schemes and refugee admission systems in several immigrant-receiving nations, including Australia, New Zealand, the UK, and other European countries.
Aside from temporary labour schemes, these ideas can also be relevant for the growing number of changes to skilled migration programs.
As well, it is important to consider as more immigrant receiving countries move towards two-step migration: providing new pathways for temporary residents, such as visitors, foreign workers, and international graduates, to transition into permanent residents.
a. Who is being targeted? What types of jobs are they assuming? What jobs are they qualified for?
b. Who is staying after being temporary?
The research methodology used policy and conceptual analysis.