Rubber plantations and their implications on gender roles and relations in northern uplands Vietnam

Dr

Nga Dao

(She/Her)

Assistant Professor

York University

I am a broadly trained human-environment geographer and international development practioner/environmental activist with more than two decades of applied research experience.
Vietnamese

Overview

Focusing on the transformation of livelihoods after the creation of the rubber plantation in the Northern Uplands of Vietnam, this research analyses the gendered impact specifically.

Skip to...

Key Findings

    How to apply research

    • NGOs should incorporate this research into their strategies. For example, writing letters to policymakers to influence decisions. Should argue for a deeper analysis of those who are affected. Can create a dialogue/discussion setting, including local people and the media; many villagers were not fully aware of the consequences of the rubber plantation and were often coerced into joining the plantation.
    • When implementing development projects it is important to consider how much this changes local people’s daily life. The villagers’ life and work patterns/division of labour have changed significantly. Rubber work is constant all year, whereas farming has seasons.
    • Consider the permanency of projects. Villagers had no option to back out of the rubber plant project or be able to regain their land back. Compensation was incredibly limited in relation to the long-term consequences.
    • Ensure that full, clear, and inclusive consultation sessions are held prior to project implementation. Often villagers were not listened to and they now suffer from poorly implemented projects.

    Let your research make a social impact

    About this research

      This research was independently conducted and did not receive funding from outside of the university.

      Recommended for

      About this research

        This research was independently conducted and did not receive funding from outside of the university.

        Recommended for

        What findings means

        Interestingly the impact on men and women was extremely different. Women’s role changed. Did not bind themselves with just domestic work which went against traditional practices. Often they started their own businesses or took up paid labour elsewhere.

        A number of men often turned to drug and alcohol abuse, had overwhelming feelings of uselessness. Slipped further and further down society.

        Divorce although being viewed as having positive connotations, related to increasing women’s rights, often were experienced negatively in the village. Prior to the rubber plantation, divorces were extremely rare, after the plantation many felt they had to divorce their husbands due to their anti-social behaviour.

        Methodology

        Interview based: Held group discussions and individual interviews. Often gender-segregated.

        Very regional specific; entirely focused on those people, their education level, culture and traditions. Results may be different elsewhere.

        Share these insights

        Want to read the full paper? It is available open access

        Nga Dao (2018) Rubber plantations and their implications on gender roles
        and relations in northern uplands Vietnam, Gender, Place & Culture, 25:11, pp.1579-1600.