There is a focus/bias in this research on 10 particular countries: Ghana, Nigeria, Ethiopia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi & South Africa. Some very populous countries are missing: Egypt, Algeria, Sudan, Morocco, etc.
This is probably in part due to English not being a main language in these countries, among other reasons.
Some countries like Somalia, CAR, Eritrea, DR Congo, Guinea-Bissau are dramatically missing from the research, but are ranked among the most vulnerable to climate change in the ND Gain Index, and have the least capacity to respond to a changing climate.
Research on the topic took off around 2013, so is quite recent. Under half is available open access. Research institutions on the African continent that aren’t subscribed to the major research databases will not have access to the literature.
The majority of studies are conducted at the local level; comparative case studies within communities are particularly popular, as opposed to regional/continental/global levels The methods that are most commonly used are survey data & individual interviews. Funding for this research comes largely from federal/national agencies of countries in the global north: USAID, the EU, Germany, DFID, IDRC. Consequently, there may be a bias/constraint to the type of research being pursued & types of questions asked.
Systematic review; keyword search in web of science for all literature published until 2019 (conducted in 2020). 260 articles analysed in-depth on themes and focuses.
English language search; studies in French and Arabic were not included
|Gender differentiation||The ways that different people interact with the environment based on their gender; based on their knowledge, experience, roles, responsibilities, norms, values & rights to resources. The environment is socially and politically derived|
|Critical feminist lens||Viewing gender roles and norms not only as they are but power laden in ways they could be transformed to be more justice-oriented|