Our study examined the barriers leading to poor gender mainstreaming and potential solutions in policies applying to gender, agriculture, climate change, food security and nutrition, in both Guatemala and Honduras. Indeed, to include gender in policy is key to achieve national development goals and global challenges such as climate change and food and nutrition insecurity in the agriculture sector.
Howland F, Acosta M, Muriel J and Le Coq J-F (2021) ‘Examining the Barriers to Gender Integration in Agriculture, Climate Change, Food Security, and Nutrition Policies: Guatemalan and Honduran Perspectives’. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems 5:664253.
Jean-Francois Le Coq
There are multiple barriers of a different nature and at different levels that explain the lack of gender integration in the policy cycle, related and linked to: (1) policy translation from the international level; (2) structural policy barriers at national level; (3) behaviours and corruption; and (4) lack of knowledge and capacity.
We used a case study approach to analyse the barriers to gender integration in these governments’ policies. Based on semi-structured interviews and policy document analysis, we conducted a methodology based on policy mix, policy integration and policy translation.
Included both narrative and policy document analysis. For the policy document analysis, we identified all policy documents for both countries related to gender, climate change, food security and agriculture. We analysed in which ways they integrated gender in these documents.
For the narrative analysis we conducted interviews with different types of stakeholders, including government bodies (gender and non-gender), and research and international cooperation organisations, civil society organisations to understand the gender gap in these topics at different stages of the policy cycle.
These stages include policy design, policy budgeting, policy implementation, monitoring and evaluation. We analysed these narratives and grouped them by topic. We used four transversal categories to group these narratives: (1) international influence; (2) structural barriers at national level; (3) behavioural and corruption barriers; and (4) knowledge barriers.
A limitation of this research is that they could have interviewed more non-gender individuals, particularly within the government, such as Ministry of Agriculture, ministry of environment or Secretary of Food Security. However, it was very difficult to establish contact and to establish a meeting with such individuals as they feel that gender doesn’t come within their role, instead it is the job of the gender unit.
Jasmyn Spanswick prepared this research following an interview with Fanny Howland.