We lack studies that can say something more general about false information across events, regions, and platforms as many of the studies are case specific and use Twitter data.Petra de Place Bak Tweet
The purpose of this paper was to create an overview of what is known about false information on digital media in the EU. As of now, research on false information remain mostly focused on the US and UK, because large scale data sets are available and tools for computational analysis are mostly trained in English. This is two reasons why there is a bias toward English datasets. Thus, we wanted to find out which regions were covered in the EU, by which fields, and also try to point future research in the direction of countries that we know very little about.
P. de Place Bak, et al. (2022). ‘Digital false information at scale in the European Union: Current state of research in various disciplines, and future directions’. SAGE
One cannot expect a one-size-fits-all model on how to combat misinformation to be effective, because information environments differ on regional basis.
The methodology used was systematic review of academic literature.