It is very important to focus on this because I know the Iraq and Anbar society. The Anbar society is different to the rest of Iraq. There have been many problems in Anbar which are contextual to Anbar and fuelling a hidden conflict.
I wanted to find out:
1. What are the causes of conflict in the Iraqi society in general, and in Anbar province in particular?
2. What do conflict transformation and peace building mean, and who is responsible of their implementation?
3. What are the mechanisms that can be used to analyze conflict in Anbar province?
4. How can we build a strategy of a sustainable peace in Anbar province which can promote stability and peaceful coexistence?
We made a questionnaire with nine questions, so that we can understand more deeply the context and then we can work on these reasons to build peace in the region.
This questionnaire was different to the other questionnaires as I am understanding what the young people think. It is not like the other questionnaires, as we look at the statistical differences according to variables like gender, age, martial background, location and jobs etc) . I then measure the responses of this question to understand what the young people need.
I found that in society, the conflict is caused by Anbar tribes struggling to get the highest positions in government, so that they have control over the other tribes in the region. Each tribe trying to be the biggest and most powerful and it’s this is causing a big conflict between the tribes.
Examples of the questions and responses are:
– “Do you agree that the Friday speech should be one speech for all mosques, or do you agree that there should be separate speech for each tribe” – The results said there should be one Friday speech for all cities.
– “Do you agree that the militia should an independent part of religion (as opposed to from a certain religion or tribe)?” – Most of them said yes. And this is one of the peacebuilding points.
– “Do you feel happy when you go to the local government offices and do you get any response?” – Most of them feel satisfied and get some response.
– “Is the political speech fair or not fair, and do you think that to achieve the peace then the political speech must be fair to all” – The answer was yes, it should be fair to all.
– “Do you think that we are missing the women on the political side and do you think that women can participate on the political side to help achieve the peace” – All of the people said yes. And all of them saw a difference since Daesh left, as there are now some women active on social media and participating on the political side, and women can now vote.
Additionally, we have discovered a very big problem in Anbar. The communities in some cities here are not accepting the adults who were IDPs because their families might have been part of Daesh. But they were not Daesh.
After tribe discussions between them and some people, they have said that some women can be accepted. But not the men. And so, this is a problem until now. And so, there are a lot of men who can’t return and are stuck in IDP camps.
After the men have been checked by the security and after psychological sessions, we are now trying to work with some organisations to get the men back to their cities.
Conducted a random sample survey with 800 people and interviews with 30 people that represented local officials, the heads of tribes, youth volunteer teams and clergymen across Anbar. From the survey results, I used SPSS to make a statistical analysis. This allowed patterns and trends to emerge.
Now I am working on applying the results in Anbar.